2000 Commissioned Design Study

Commissioned by NRW Forum for Culture and Economy for the Living Bridges Exhibition in Düsseldorf

OCEAN NORTH: Michael U. Hensel (Project Coordination), Kivi Sotamaa, Birger Sevaldson & Urban Office: Jeffrey Turko, Danilo Dangubic, Gudjon Erlendson with Max de Rosée and Morten Gregersen.

Engineering Consultants: Arup, London, Michele Janner and Charles Walker.

Digital Animation + Video Rendering: Placebo Effects, Oslo: Kim Baumann Larsen.

Urban scale: three interconnected and interdependent circulation rings.

The study for the Landsc[r]aper Urban Ring Bridge across the river Rhine in Düsseldorf, is based on the supposition that an inhabitable bridge on the required scale must seek to intensively engage the programmatic and demographic strata of the city, in order to sustain inner-urban life. The scheme consists of three elements. An outer urban ring links existing infrastructural routes in order to organize the traffic around and into the city center. An intermediate ring links existing programmatic and infrastructural locations and induces pedestrian flow via the deployment of public transportation along the perimeter of the expended city-center. An inner-urban ring bundles urban programs on a pedestrian scale, with maximum benefit of the proximity of the river. A continuous pedestrian promenade & boardwalk provides for a rich pallet of public spaces and programs along and across the river, and incorporates the programmable Oberkasseler floodplain, with the modified floodplain offering diversely programmable surfaces. The inner-urban ring combines in this way provisionally programmed surfaces with non-programmed zones to allow for specific urban activities to emerge in exchange between the new and the existing in response to demographic trends and tendencies.

Inner-urban ring with the Landsc(r)aper ring-bridge.

The northern segment of the inner urban ring is the Landsc[r]aper Ring Bridge, which connects the two sides of the river along multiple trajectories. The bridge couples leisure and cultural programs with public and vehicular infrastructure, while at the same time becoming an urban destination.

Programmatic organization of the Landsc(r)aper ring-bridge.

The bridge consists of a geometrically varied arch and beam structure and moveable enclosures to engender a diverse spatial experiences and programmatic variability. The highly differentiated structure of the bridge serves as a cognitive element that enables orientation when moving through this very large and complex structure. Comprising of a varied assemblage of structural and programmatic systems and flexible enclosures the bridge introduces a dynamic landmark to Düsseldorf that reflects the heterogeneous, dynamic and progressive culture of the city and its inner-urban infrastructural landscape.

Landsc(r)aper ring-bridge: view from north-east.
Landsc(r)aper ring-bridge: view from north-west.
From top to bottm: varied arch system; cables; platforms and ring of enclosed spaces; combined elements.